The Russo-Japanese War in the Northeast: A Local War with Far-reaching Consequences

2022-04-26 0 By

After the Sino-Japanese War, beiyang Naval forces were defeated by Japan, zhongxing Nengchen Li Hongzhang ushered in the dark moment of his life, the qing Empire’s dream of a powerful force from then on broken.”Alliance with Russia and Resistance against Japan” became the main theme of qing diplomacy for a period of time.Japan and Tsarist Russia clashed heavily in northeast China, and in 1904 and 1905, the two sides eventually fought a great war known as the Russo-Japanese War.Let’s start with the two sides fighting so smoothly.After decades of hard operation by beiyang Naval Forces and Tsarist Navy, Lvshunkou Military port was generally regarded as “the first fortress in the Far East” in the early 20th century.As long as Lushun remained in Russian hands, the Russian fleet could threaten the Japanese lines of communication landing on the Liaodong Peninsula.The Japanese, led by Naiki, organized an attack of about 100,000 men. Naiki later committed seppuku suicide on the night of Emperor Meiji’s funeral.It has been regarded as the spiritual symbol of Japanese bushido.Is the Japanese army general, by the Japanese later known as the god of war.The war consisted mainly of three general offensives.In the first general attack, Nami Xidian adopted the infantry charge tactics. In 1894, the Japanese army only took a few days to conquer Lushun at a very low cost, so Nami Xidian thought it was easy to win Lushun.But the crowd charge was firing practice for the Russian Maxim machine gun.In the first general offensive, which lasted five days, the Japanese suffered more than 15,000 casualties, almost wiping out an entire division.The Cost of Russian casualties was less than 6,000.The second general attack of the Japanese army obviously clever many, no longer blindly emphasize the “bushido” spirit of the large-scale infantry charge.First, the Japanese General Staff headquarters asked the Emperor to move the 28-centimeter howitzer, which was stationed at the Tokyo Bay fortress to protect Gyeonggi Province, to the front line in Lushun. Second, the Japanese dug a trench in front of the Russian position and used a large number of engineers to build howitzer forts.During the second general offensive, which lasted more than a month, the 203 Heights, which the Russian army did not pay much attention to before the war, played a huge role.Although the Japanese captured some key positions, six attempts to storm the 203 Heights ended in failure. Even Two of Naiki’s sons died there.The third attack lasted a full eleven days, Japan took advantage of the advantage of the mainland, the Japanese mainland last active division, Hokkaido Asahikawa seventh division, into the front, and then use the kamikaze surprise “with” Bushido charge “, took turns to attack the Russian army 203 heights.Naiki’s “suicide style” later attracted a lot of criticism.In the end, the Japanese seventh Division, a new force moved from Hokkaido, finally captured 203 Heights.So far, only in the third general offensive the Japanese casualties amounted to more than 17000 people.The war of attrition on “203 Heights” depleted the Russian reserves.Although there were still thirty thousand Russians in the fort at Lushun, the war leaders in the Russian command had lost support and the capitulators had the upper hand.In the movie and TV series, The Commander of the Russian Army, Stessel, met with the commander of the Japanese third Army, Nami Nishidian, at the naval camp near Lvshun.Commanders on both sides praised their opponents’ tactics and bravery, and Stessel lamented the deaths of Naimu’s two sons.Nami, out of the spirit of bushido, preserved the honor of the Russian soldiers who surrendered and allowed them to continue to wear swords.At this point, the battle of Lushun ended.The battle for Lushun was a significant event in the Russo-Japanese War.With lushun, Russian forts and fleets would no longer exist, which meant the Japanese home front would be safe.From then on, Naiki became famous.Since then, he has been promoted by Japan as a symbol of the “bushido” spirit, and became the idol of the Japanese army, the God of the Japanese army.With the fall of Lushun, the Russian Baltic fleet lost its morale and Allies, giving another Japanese admiral, Hiraburo Togo, a chance to make his mark.To be continued…