Abbott global recall of three formula milk powder, infants infected with this kind of bacteria how much harm?
Recently, Abbott headquarters announced the recall of three infant formula milk powder news caused widespread concern.On February 17, Abbott Announced a voluntary recall of Similac, Alimentum and EleCare milk powder manufactured in Sturgis, Mich.The announcement also said the recalled products had the following characteristics: products with the first two digits of the product code 22 to 37, containers with the code K8, SH or Z2, and containers with an expiration date of April 1, 2022 or later.On February 20, The Official website of the General Administration of Customs of China released a news that “Abbott Laboratories China recalled a special medical product” : After verification by the General Administration of Customs, Similac HMFortifi and Xicome Baby nutrition supplement for special medical use were exported to China, and Abbott Laboratories China has initiated a voluntary recall.In response, Abbott China said in an interview with CCTV that the products involved in the recall include Xikang Baby Tian, a nutritional supplement for infants, which has been removed from the official flagship stores of Abbott Laboratories on Tmall and JD.com.The recall is the result of four consumer complaints.Four babies were infected with enterobacter sakazakii and salmonella after consuming baby formula made at a Michigan factory, according to consumers, including one suspected death.Abbott also said that as part of its quality inspection process, it has tested the Michigan plant and found ENTERobacter sakazakii in the non-product contact area of the plant, but there is no evidence of salmonella and it is still under investigation.In the face of consumers’ doubts, Abbott issued a notice to recall milk powder.The reporter found that a “recall notice” popped up on the official website of Abbott Milk powder, informing consumers that they could return their products through official channels.And stressed that abbott China in the mainland sales of other nutritional products are not affected.What are the hazards of enterobacter sakazakii and Salmonella involved this time?How did it happen?Similac, Alimentum and EleCare are being recalled for infant formula, according to a notice issued on The company’s global website on February 17.The specific product information of the recall is as follows: 1. The first two digits of the product code are 22 to 37;2. Container code containing K8, SH or Z2;3. Valid until April 1, 2022 or later.According to Abbott, consumers can contact Similacrecall.com or 800-986-8540 for a recall or refund if the product meets the above requirements.As a result of the recall, Abbott’s U.S. stock closed down for two consecutive days, closing on Feb. 18 at $116.79, down 3.14%.The recall is the result of four consumer complaints.On February 18, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that it was investigating complaints of four infants infected with Kronobacter sakazakii and Salmonella Newport.”All four cases related to these complaints were hospitalized, and one death may have been caused by Cronobacter.”The FDA said a review of Abbott’s internal records showed earlier contamination with cronobacter spp. at the facility.Workers at the Abbott facility are checking to see which bacteria are causing the illness, destroying any contaminated products and warning consumers to temporarily avoid some infant formula products made at the facility.The FDA also warned that some Abbott products made at the Sturgis plant in Michigan may have been exported to other countries.As a result, CFAQ has issued an urgent recall of some batches of Abbott’s infant formula due to possible contamination with Cronobacter spp. and Salmonella.In response, Abbott China told CCTV financial reporter that among the products recalled, Xikang Baby Tian, a nutritional supplement for infants, has been removed from the official flagship stores of Abbott on Tmall and JD.com.If consumers hold Xikang Baby Tian products valid after April 1, 2022, they can call the official customer service hotline 4008206111 for return consultation.On February 20, The General Administration of Customs (General Administration of Customs) of China announced that the products were not exported to China through general trade.Similac HMFortifi, A special medical product produced by the company involved, and Sicom Baby Nutrition supplement for special medical purposes have been exported to China, and Abbott Laboratories China has initiated its own recall.At the same time, the General Administration of Customs also reminded consumers: do not buy the above infant formula through any channels;If you buy the relevant batch of infant formula milk powder from this company through non-general trade channels (such as overseas shopping), you should suspend consumption immediately.If you buy the above special medical products, stop eating them immediately.According to public documents, Similac Human Milk Fortifier, an infant nutrition supplement, is listed in the specialty formula category and is a special medical formula for infants in Korea.The product was also on sale at abbott’s flagship store for Special Formula Nutrition, priced at around 580 yuan per box.The details of the product are: the origin of the product is USA, and it is used for premature/low birth weight babies.Information from the State Administration for Market Regulation shows that Xikang Babutian has been registered as a formula food for special medical use.At present, the products involved are no longer searchable on e-commerce platforms such as Tmall and JD.com, and relevant products have been removed from the platforms.In response to the recall, Abbott said on February 18, “The products recalled are not affected, except the baby nutritional supplement Xikang Baby Tian, and other nutritional products sold by Abbott In mainland China.”Abbott also said no Abbott liquid formula, powdered formula or nutritional products from other facilities are affected by the recall.However, whether the recalled products may pose health risks or even disease threats to other infants who have consumed the products in question remains to be monitored.This is not the first time Abbott milk has been recalled.It is understood that abbott has had a number of product recalls before.In addition, a query of the company’s industrial and commercial information showed that Abbott had 11 administrative penalties, totaling 12,719,200 yuan.In May 2021, Abbott was fined 9.09 million yuan for traces of vanillin found in a milk powder, according to the report.On May 16, 2021, in response to the case of milk powder being punished for traces of vanillin, Abbott China replied to the 21st Century Business Herald that the product involved was a single batch of Abbott Platinum And Unmeryl Formula 1 900g product (product batch 18042NT, production date June 3, 2020).At present, the company has completed all the recovery of this batch of products remaining in the market.What are the dangers of Enterobacter sakazakii kronobacillus and Salmonella?In fact, abbott’s global recall stems from four complaints from consumers.Preliminary findings indicate that four infants infected with Cronobacter sakazakii and Salmonella Newport consumed milk powder (Similac, Alimentum and EleCare) made at the company’s sturgis, Mich., facility (registration number 1815692).According to abbott’s announcement, the company conducts extensive quality checks on each batch of infant formula, including microbiological tests for Enterobacter sakazakii, Salmonella and other pathogens, and releases the formula when the results are negative.The milk powder samples were negative for Enterobacter sakazakii and Salmonella.No relevant pathogens have been tested positive in its distributed products, and the company will continue to test.Although no pathogens were detected, abbott issued a voluntary recall of the affected batches of milk powder, raising concerns about the two microbes.So what exactly are Cronobacter sakazakii and Salmonella?And what kind of harm will it bring?According to Abbott, enterobacter cronobacter sakazakii and Salmonella are common in various areas of the environment and home and can cause fever, poor feeding, excessive crying, low energy levels and other serious symptoms in infants.Cronobacter sakazakii, formerly known as Enterobacter sakazakii, is an environmental opportunistic bacterium found in dried foods such as infant formula, herbal tea and starch.The genus Cronobacter (E. sakazakii) was originally called “E. yellow cloacae” due to its yellow pigment production. In 1980, the name was changed to “E. sakazakii” and expanded to cronobacter in 2008.Its name comes from the Greek god Crono, who was said to eat each of his children at birth, representing its disease-causing properties for infants and young children.The strain is resistant to high osmotic pressure, dryness and temperature than most Gram-negative bacteria, which is different from other food-borne pathogens.Publicly available information indicates that Cronobacter sakazakii may pose a higher health risk to infants aged 0-6 months, in particular meningitis, septicemia or necrotizing colitis in premature, low birth weight and immunocompromised infants, with a mortality rate of 40-50% due to illnesses caused by E. sakazakii.Canada on February 17, regulators said: a notice issued by the 22 e. g bacillus can lead to serious or even fatal infections, such as rare blood flow and the central nervous system infection, with severe intestinal infection (necrotizing enterocolitis) and blood poisoning (sepsis), especially the newborn babies, with greater risk.The relevant person in charge of the food and drug testing institute of sichuan province in the China market regulation newspaper food safety standards in the idea of bacillus genus interpretation are pointed out, e. g 22 coli can cause serious harm to baby’s body health, gastric acid PH value is higher than adults because babies, the bacteria can survive in the infant gut;Second, because the blood-brain barrier is not fully developed in infants, enterobacter sakazakii can easily enter the brain and cause meningitis.The limited control of Cronobacter spp. in China’s current national food safety standards is aimed at infant formula food for special medical use and formula food for infants aged 0 ~ 6 months.They are GB 25596-2010 National Food Safety Standard General Provisions for Infant Formula Food for Special Medical Use and GB 10765-2010 National Food Safety Standard Infant Formula Food, with limits of N =3, C =0, M =0 (/100g).There is no limit regulation for Cronobacter spp. in GB 29921-2013, and the new revised draft for comments adds the same limit regulation for special dietary food as GB 25596 and GB 10765.Salmonella is more complicated to classify and detect than Kronobacter sakazakii.Salmonella is not a single bacterium, but a large group of similar bacteria that live in the intestines of people and animals. It belongs to the enterobacteriaceae family and appears as a short stick when viewed under a microscope.As a kind of enteric pathogenic bacteria, Salmonella can be divided into typhoid salmonella, paratyphoid salmonella and non-typhoid salmonella and other types, different types of salmonella can cause typhoid, paratyphoid, fever, abdominal pain and other different symptoms.Food contaminated with salmonella is even harder to detect.It is known that animal food, such as pork, animal offal, eggs, raw milk, etc., can carry salmonella, and some plant food can also be indirectly contaminated.In addition, people carrying salmonella are also an important source of infection.Of concern, the alert issued by the Canadian Quality Control Agency also notes that food contaminated with salmonella does not look or smell spoiled, but can still cause illness.Typical symptoms include fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal cramps, which generally occur within 1-3 days of exposure to the source of infection.Infants, the elderly, and immunocompromised patients may develop severe and life-threatening bacteremia from salmonella entering the bloodstream, and in rare cases, meningitis or osteomyelitis.Based on the above hazards, China’s National Food Safety Standard infant Formula Food (GB17065) and National Food Safety Standard General Provisions for Infant Formula Food for Special Medical Use also clearly stipulates that kronobacter sakazakii or Salmonella shall not be detected in infant formula food and infant formula food for special medical use.(WYP source: 21st Century Business Herald)